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Friday, December 15, 2006

Combat Hammer tests air-to-ground bombing capabilities
EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. (AFPN) -- Eglin Air Force Base's western range, Bravo 70, was the site for the largest-ever Combat Hammer weapons system evaluation program Dec. 4 to 8, sponsored by the 86th Fighter Weapons Squadron. More than 40 precision-guided weapons were dropped, including laser-guided bombs, joint-direct attack missiles and Maverick AGM-65s. More

USS Buffalo Returns Home in Time for Holiday Season

Story Number: NNS061214-17
Release Date: 12/14/2006 2:50:00 PM

By Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class (SW) Cynthia Clark,
Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet Public Affairs

PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii (NNS) -- The nuclear-powered attack submarine USS Buffalo (SSN 715) returned home to Pearl Harbor Dec. 12, following a six-month deployment to the Western Pacific, its last Hawaii homecoming before changing homeports to Guam next year. The Los Angeles-class submarine departed Pearl Harbor on June 12. While in the Western Pacific, Buffalo visited ports in Guam, Japan, Hong Kong and Saipan, and conducted operations in support of national security.

“The things you can do in six months is incredible,” said Cmdr. Brian Humm, the ship's commanding officer. “Spending a lot of time at sea was very rewarding."The CO continued, giving credit to his Sailors' hard work."The crew worked very hard," he said. “Even so, it’s great to be home, especially in time for the holidays.”

Commissioned in 1983, Buffalo is the Navy’s 25th Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine. Buffalo has been homeported in Pearl Harbor since 1984. The submarine is scheduled to change homeports in 2007 to Guam, where it will join Submarine Squadron 15. Two other submarines, USS Houston (CA 30) and USS City of Corpus Christi (SSN 705), as well as the submarine tender USS Frank Cable (AS 40), are homeported in Guam.

For related news, visit the Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet Navy NewsStand page at

Related Stories:
USS Buffalo Gets Underway for Western Pacific - 6/12/2006

Marines with Bravo Company, 9th Engineer Support Battalion, 1st Marine Logistics Group (Forward), perform a 21-shot rifle salute in honor of Cpl. Aaron L. Seal during a memorial ceremony held at the main-side chapel. Seal, 23, a combat engineer with 2nd Platoon lost his life while engaged in operations in Al Anbar Province. The Elkhart, Ind., native was known to some Marines as a hard worker that made every ounce of a hard moment into a pleasant experience. They consider him a Marine’s Marine and his reputation carried throughout the command.
Photo by: Lance Cpl. Ryan Busse, 10/12/2006
Read the story associated with this photo

‘Arctic Wolves’ Dedicate Wall Honoring Fallen Comrades

By Donna Miles
American Forces Press Service

FORT WAINWRIGHT, Alaska, Dec. 13, 2006 – The Arctic Wolves bid an emotional farewell to 36 of their own yesterday as they gathered here to dedicate the 172nd Stryker Brigade Combat Team Memorial Wall.

Soldiers bow their heads during the benediction during a Memorial Wall dedication honoring fallen members of the 172nd Stryker Brigade at Fort Wainwright, Alaska, Dec. 12. Photo by William D. Moss '(Click photo for screen-resolution image);high-resolution image available.

Leaders from the unit joined about 25 family members of the fallen in the atrium of the high-tech Battle Command Training Center here to remember 26 Stryker Brigade troops and 10 soldiers from units attached the brigade during its deployment. Another 150 brigade soldiers just back from a 16-month deployment to Iraq watched the ceremony in an overflow room on a large-screen TV.

Col. Michael Shields, the brigade commander, acknowledged the “incredible price” his troops paid in Iraq. “These men and women paid the ultimate sacrifice in places like Mosul, Tal Afar, Rawa and Baghdad,” he said. “They died serving their nation, their unit and, I think more accurately, their fellow soldiers,” he said.

Those who died were among the small percentage of Americans who have served and fought the war on terror, he said. “While most Americans don’t understand the great evil that exists, that threatens our very existence and the security of our children’s future, these soldiers did,” he said. “They were all volunteers.”

Rather than focusing on how these soldiers died, Shields urged those at the ceremony to use it as an opportunity to celebrate how they lived. “This group of warriors consisted of hunters, fishermen, outdoorsmen, mountain climbers, snowboarders, skiers, musicians, cowboys, philosophers, athletes, pilots and so much more,” he said.

“These soldiers were someone’s best friend, leader, son, brother, fiancé, husband and dad,” he said. “Several of them left children that will never know their father.”

Chaplain (Maj.) Robert Nay opened the ceremony with an invocation expressing thanks for “these brave men and women who gave the ultimate sacrifice” and asking for comfort for their families, friends and comrades.

Then Shields and Command Sgt. Maj. William Ulibarri, the brigade command sergeant major, unveiled the memorial, with 36 framed photos of the fallen. In front of the wall stood a memorial stand, with a pair of combat boots, Kevlar helmet, goggles and an M4A1 rifle with bayonet. Thirty-six dog tags with the names of the fallen hung from the rifle.

Nay explained the symbolism of the memorial and how it helps tell the story of those it honors.

“The memorial stand with the boots, weapon and helmet stand (is) alone, empty (to) remind us of the ultimate sacrifice,” he said. The headgear represents the soldier’s ability to think, react, learn and lead. The rifle symbolizes the battle soldier’s face, and the cover on the bayonet, the peace they want. The boots are meant “to carry us wherever our country leads us,” Nay said. The dog tags represent the personal aspect of the losses and the soldiers “who are loved and deeply missed … and will never be forgotten,” he said.

“The faces you see before you represent the human nature of war,” Nay said. “These men and women remind us that freedom is not free and that it is their shed blood that allows our nation and, more specifically, our families, to pursue life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, which is the American dream.”

Troops attending yesterday’s ceremony called it a fitting tribute to their fallen comrades and a lasting reminder of the sacrifices they made.

Among those at the ceremony was Sgt. Robert Sult, from 1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment, who lost four fellow soldiers in Iraq, including his roommate and best friend, Spc. Raymond Henry.

“I think of Henry every day. He meant so much to me. He was the best friend I ever had,” Sult said. “We learned a lot from each other, and I know he can touch other people, too. On this memorial wall, he can still show people what it’s like to serve his country and just do the right thing.”

Sgt. 1st Class Cole Shepherd, who served in the brigade’s rear detachment during the deployment, called putting together the memorial wall an act of healing for everyone involved and a way to serve those who didn’t return home. Shepherd and three other soldiers took extra pains to make sure it was perfect, including making the frames for the photos at the post craft shop when the ones they bought simply didn’t measure up.

“This represents what our lives are about in the Army and the ultimate sacrifice we make for the freedoms our friends and families enjoy every day,” he said.

Sgt. David Ferguson, from 1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment, called the losses the unit took, particularly after the Army extended the unit’s deployment by four months, devastating to the unit. “We were so close to coming back, so it hit us all really hard,” he said.

But like many of his fellow Arctic Wolves, Ferguson said losing their buddies made them more committed to their mission. “It’s really hard on you for awhile; it’s kind of hard to get used to not seeing them anymore,” he said. “But once you do start going back out (on missions), you remember that for the rest of the time, you’re there for them, to fight for their honor.”

After the ceremony, family members approached the wall, taking pictures and gathering with soldiers and commanders who knew their loved ones. Jesse Alcozer, father of Pfc. Christopher Alcozer, wore a “Vietnam Veteran” hat as he approached his son’s photo and placed his hand on the corner of the wooden plaque. The 36 dog tags clinked as relatives rifled through them, looking for the name of their soldier. Families heard funny stories or memorable moments of their soldiers from those who had served with them in Iraq.

“As you pay tribute in your own way today, leave this hall with your head high, proud of these soldiers’ service to their country,” Shields told the families and his 172nd Stryker BCT soldiers in closing. “That is what these warriors would want you to do.”

He recalled the saying that soldiers never truly die until they are forgotten. “Arctic Wolves, you will never be forgotten,” he said.

Related Articles:
Stryker Brigade Ceremony Focuses on Accomplishments, Sacrifices

Related Sites:
Photo Essay172nd Stryker Brigade Combat Team

Ready on the flightline
Photo by Staff Sgt. Lorin T. Smith
December 14, 2006
Spc. Kendrick William ensures the Apache's laser-guidance system is working properly.

Federal Court Rules Against Guantanamo Detainee

By Sgt. Sara Wood, USA
American Forces Press Service

WASHINGTON, Dec. 14, 2006 – Upholding the legality of October’s Military Commissions Act, a federal court ruled here yesterday that detainees at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, do not have the right to challenge their detention in U.S. courts.

Judge James Robertson issued a decision and order in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia dismissing the habeas corpus case of Salim Ahmed Hamdan, a former driver for Osama bin Laden who is being held at Guantanamo Bay. Robertson concluded that the Military Commissions Act unambiguously withdraws the right of habeas corpus -- which allows people who are imprisoned to go before a judge and challenge their detention -- from detainees and that this withdrawal is constitutional.

"The Suspension Clause does not guarantee the right to petition for habeas corpus to non-resident enemy aliens captured and detained outside the United States,” Robertson wrote in his decision. In other words, Congress may constitutionally deprive these detainees of the writ of habeas corpus.

Defense Department officials said they were pleased with Robertson’s ruling, as it removes federal court jurisdiction over Hamdan’s case and similar cases. Officials noted that Congress did provide in the Military Commissions Act that detainees may challenge their detention before fair military tribunals with an appeal to the D.C. Circuit, and that is more process than the U.S. has ever provided to enemy combatants in past conflicts.

"We are, of course, pleased with the … ruling,” said Bryan Whitman, DoD spokesman. “We are continuing to implement the provisions of the Military Commissions Act passed by Congress, and we hope to bring individuals before commissions by next summer. There are still facilities that need to be built in order for commissions to proceed, and we're working on that."

Robertson granted Hamdan’s first habeas petition in November 2004, and the case made it to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled in June that President Bush had overstepped his authority in creating the military commissions. In September, Congress passed the Military Commissions Act, authorizing military commissions and clarifying the rights of detainees, specifically on the issue of access to courts.

The Military Commissions Act changes the nature of Hamdan’s case, Robertson said in his ruling.

“Hamdan is to face a military commission newly designed, because of his efforts, by a Congress that finally stepped up to its responsibility, acting according to guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court,” he wrote. “It is difficult to see how continued habeas jurisdiction could make further improvements in his tribunal.”

Related Sites:
Guantanamo Bay Web Special Report

SCHOOL DAYS — U.S. Army Sgt. Sitthichai Ritthiphon hands out school supplies to Iraqi children walking to school in Khan Dari, Iraq, Dec. 11, 2006. Ritthiphon is assigned to Echo Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division. U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Martin K. Newton

In Today's News - Friday, December 15, 2005

Quote of the Day
"The vote is the most powerful instrument ever devised by man
for breaking down injustice and destroying the terrible walls
which imprison men because they are different from other men."

-- Lyndon B. Johnson

News of Note
Operation Iraqi Freedom
W.House defends Bush use of Iraqi body counts
U.S. must reform Iraqi forces before leaving: Hashemi
McCain asks Iraq PM to break with cleric

Homeland Security / War on Terror / Hamas-Hezbollah Happenings
'Blind Sheik' Gravely Ill; FBI Issues Terror Alert
U.S. says al Qaeda behind Somali Islamists (Well, duh...)
Palestinian PM Returns to Gaza Without Funds
Hamas in control of Gaza border crossing

Other Military News
Army moves to reduce strain on troops

Worldwide Wackos
North Korea may mar nuclear talks with test: minister

Homegrown Moonbats
Group not satisfied with Rosie's apology

Politics / Government
Sen. Johnson Recuperating After Brain Surgery
New Jersey Legislature Passes Civil Unions Bill
Does Katie Couric's Stumble Signal Hillary Clinton's Fall?
New Jersey approves gay civil unions
U.S. lawmakers press China to boost yuan's value
Investors sanguine about Dem Congress
Democrats to raise wages for poor workers
House leader proposes ethics task force
Lawmaker visits to Syria unhelpful: White House

In the Courts / Crime and Punishment
Execution of Florida Man for Topless Bar Murder That Took 34 Minutes Sparks Criticism
Children lured into Thai sex industry in Pattaya
Wis. nurse suspended in patient death

Immigration / Border Control
Body found in Mexico with agents' cards

U.N. News
Ban sworn in as U.N. secretary-general
U.N. secretary-general flunks first test
New U.N. leader Ban Ki-moon vows to restore trust

Science / Nature
New Hope for Mount Hood Rescuers
VIDEO: Weather Hinders Search for Missing Climbers
Severe Geomagnetic Storm Expected From Tuesday's Solar Flare
World's Tallest Man Uses Long Arms to Save 2 Dolphins in China
Spacewalking astronauts rewire space station - Video
Scientists surprised about comet's ingredients
Fierce storm cuts power in Northwest
World's first cloned cat has kittens

Dad Accused of Running Dryer With Kids Inside
It's US vs UK in online geography battle
Press eats words for immigrant murder story

Other News of Note
Hundreds of British police join serial killer hunt

Fox News
Beth Twitty: 'All We Want Is Justice for Our Daughter'
Lawsuit Claims Natalee's Death Was Intentional
Duke Defense Blasts Photo Line-Up
VIDEO: Defense Asks Judge to Ban Courtroom Identifications
Polygamist Jeffs to Stand Trial on Rape Charges
Stocks to Watch: Global Communications and Ford
Breast Cancer Drop Linked to Hormone Therapy

Reuters: Top News
Video gamers share their pain as they get active
"Gears of War" wins No. 1 spot in U.S. video game sales
E. coli outbreak may be over: CDC
Fresh faces brighten Hollywood's Golden Globes
Rebel tenor holds own show outside La Scala
Dow sets record close - Video
Three IPOs surge in HK debuts on strong demand
Lee reports newspaper ad revenue gains
Home Depot buys back $3 billion in stock
Worthington stock up on takeover rumors
Reuters Summit: Investment Outlook
Bomb chase the biggest worry for 2007
Audio: Thumbs up for Fed chief
Japan Tobacco confirms talks to buy Gallaher
Australia regulator says examining Qantas takeover
Ford shakes up top team, names product chief
NY pension funds press big Web companies on rights
Dell delays 10-Q, citing accounting probes
Adobe profit up, product upgrades on track

AP World News
Report finds Diana's death wasn't murder
Miss USA's 'personal issues' scrutinized
Investment banks post record 2006 profit
Smith, Gore lead Niners over Seahawks
Matsuzaka's the toast of Beantown
Music pioneer Ahmet Ertegun dies at 83
CNN's Dr. Gupta also making calls at CBS
Cyclist indicted in steroids probe
Pro football visionary Lamar Hunt dies
24 pct. growth in Web holiday sales seen
'Babel' leads Golden Globes with 7 nods
OPEC set to lower oil production in Feb.
Air Force Mulls 'Global Strike' Options
Op-ed: Rumsfeld's Farewell
Blog: Unfiltered From Fallujah
Time to "Reconnect America"
Advisors: Are You a Re-Beginner?
These Celebs Are Vets?
The Perfect Kind of Holiday Shopping
Gear in the News: LSD Landing Ship

CENTCOM: News Releases












USJFCOM’s new super computer to enhance joint experimentation, training - podcast
Command surgeon hosts joint task force medical seminar - podcast

Department of Defense
For Top News Visit DefenseLink

Baghdad Counts on Local Improvements - Story
Iraqi Police Return Home From Training - Story
Ceremony Focuses on Stryker Brigade Journey - Story
Field Activities Create Cohesion, Raise Morale - Story

Avionics Marines Give Harriers 'Pulse' at Al Asad
Soldier's Ultimate Sacrifice Earns Silver Star
Joint Operations Combat Insurgency in Diyala
Marine Engineers Focus on Repairing Vital Runway
U.S. Army, Iraqi Engineers Attend Training
Rumsfeld Thanks Troops for Service, Patriotism

Patrol Trucks to Increase Security in Afghanistan
Flight Surgeons Certify Afghan Army Aviators
Military Policemen Prepare for Return to States
Afghan Farming Communities to Receive Tractors
Reconstruction Team Hosts First Vendor Fair

Renewal In Iraq
Iraq: Security, Stability
Fact Sheet: Progress and Work Ahead
Report: Strategy for Victory in Iraq
Iraq Daily Update
This Week in Iraq
Multinational Force Iraq
State Dept. Weekly Iraq Report (PDF)
'Boots on the Ground' Audio Archive
Weekly Reconstruction Report (PDF)
Iraq Reconstruction

Afghanistan Update

Fact Sheet: Budget Request
Fact Sheet: War on Terror
Fact Sheet: Terror Plots Disrupted
Waging and Winning the War on Terror
Terrorism Timeline
Terrorism Knowledge Base

Officials Identify Army Casualty - Story

Al Azamiyah Al Basrah Al Hillah Al Karkh Al Kazimiyah Al Kut
An Nasiriyah Baghdad Baqubah Mosul Najaf Nineveh Tall Kayf

Bost/Laskar Ghurian Herat Kabul Qandahar


Today in History
0687 - St Sergius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Conon
1124 - Chancellor Haimeric selects pope (Lamberto becomes Honorius II)
1488 - Bartholomeus Diaz returns to Portugal after sailing round Cape of Good Hope
1569 - Westmoreland flees to Scotland
1593 - State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft
1612 - Simon Marius, is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope
1640 - Duke of Bragança crowned King Johan IV of Portugal
1660 - Philippines: Andres Malongs rebels plunders Bagnotan
1664 - English colonizing Connecticut
1667 - Brandenburg declares himself neutral in Devolutie War
1680 - Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal
1688 - Lord Delamere sides with King James II
1745 - Battle at Kesseldorf: Prussia beats Saksen & Austria
1791 - Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gave its approval
1791 - 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
1792 - 1st life insurance policy issued in US (Philadelphia)
1794 - Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
1820 - 1st general pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
1836 - Patent Office burns in Washingto,n DC
1854 - 1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
1859 - GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun
1863 - Skirmish at Bean's Station, TN (Knoxville Campaign)
1864 - Battle of Nashville, TN; Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon & Glade Springs VA
1874 - 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by President Grant
1877 - Thomas Edison patents phonograph
1891 - James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)
1914 - American Radio Relay League (organization for hams) founded by Hiram Percy Maxim; Battle of Lódz ends, Russians retreat toward Moscow; British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea; Swedish troops overrun Belgrade in Austria-Hungary
1916 - French defeat Germans in WWI Battle of Verdun
1917 - Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
1918 - American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting
1919 - Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence
1922 - IVVV (association) peace congress on war forms in Hague
1926 - Facist national symbol elevated in Italy
1934 - Fokker F18 Snip flies to Netherlands West Indies
1938 - Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Washington DC
1939 - 1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford DE
1941 - USS Swordfish becomes 1st US sub to sink a Japanese ship; Gas/electrical use restricted in Holland; German submarine U-127 sinks; Nazis transfer 100 Czechoslovakian citizens/Heinrich Himmler falls faint; North Africa: allied assault up Italians Gazala-posing
1942 - Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs
1944 - Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel; Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms; US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star; US troops lands on Mindoro
1948 - Former state department official Alger Hiss indicted in NYC for perjury
1950 - NYC's Port Authority opens
1952 - Christine Jorgenson is 1st person to undergo a sex-change operation
1954 - Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons; Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
1961 - Adolf Eichmann convicted of crimes against humanity in Israel; Equal access rule, political parties get TV broadcasting time; JFK visits Puerto Rico
1964 - Canada adopts maple leaf flag; 1st time 4 people in space
1965 - 3rd cyclone of year kills another 10,000 at mouth of Ganges River, Bangladesh; Gemini 6 launched; makes 1st rendezvous in space (with Gemini 7)
1966 - Audouin Dollfus discovers 10th satellite of Saturn, Janus
1967 - Silver Bay bridge (Ohio-West Virginia) collapses during afternoon rush hour, 34 die
1970 - Soviet Venera 7 is 1st spacecraft to land on another planet (Venus); South Korean ferry Namyong-Ho sinks in Strait of Korea, 308 killed
1971 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1973 - American Psychiatric Association declares homosexuality is not mental illness
1976 - Argo Merchant tanker off Massachusetts' SE coast, spills 7.6 million gallons of crude when the ship runs aground; Jamaica premier Manley wins elections
1979 - Deposed Shah of Iran leaves US for Panamá; World Court in Hague rules Iran should release all US hostages
1980 - Premier Queddei troops conquers Chad capital N'djamena; ZBZ Sangha (now ZBZ Bodhidharma) officially registered after 5 years of administrative hassles in Warsaw
1981 - NASA launches Intelsat V
1982 - Roy Williams, Teamsters president, & 4 others convicted of bribery; Spain reopens border with Gibraltar; Sao Tome & Principe constitution approved
1983 - Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via El Paso, Kelly AFB; Last 80 US combat soldiers in Grenada withdrew
1984 - USSR launches Vega 1 for rendezvous with Halley's Comet
1986 - CIA director William Casey suffers a cerebral seizure; 150 killed during race riot in Karachi, Pakistan
1993 - British premier major/Irish premier Reynolds signs Downing Street Declaration concerning Northern Ireland self determination; C-130 flies into a Philippines hill & explodes, 16 killed; Haitian premier Robert Malval resigns; Lee Aspen resigns as Secretary of Defense; Y-12 crashes at Phonesavanh, Laos: 18 killed
1994 - John Bruton becomes Ireland's premier; Liberia militia kills 48 inhabitants of Monrovia
1995 - Playboy goes back on sale after 36 year ban in Ireland
1997 - San Francisco 49ers retire Joe Montana's #16

- Nero Claudius Augustus Germanicus, 5th emperor of Rome (54-68)
1778 - Godert AGP baron van der Capellen Dutch Governor-General (Dutch-Indies)
1832 - Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, French engineer (Eiffel tower)
1848 - Edwin Howland Blashfield, decorated the dome of Library of Congress
1852 - Antoine Henri Becquerel, discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903); Tewfik Pasja khedive (viceroy) of Egypt
1860 - Niels Ryberg Finsen Denmark, physician/phototherapist (Nobel 1903)
1861 - Charles Edgar Duryea inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
1863 - Arthur D Little US, chemist (patented rayon); Paul [Prudent] Painlevé French mathematician/minister/premier
1892 - J. Paul Getty, oil magnate (Getty Oil)
1915 - Jose Toribio Merino Castro, admiral
1916 - Maurice Wilkins England, physicist, worked with DNA (Nobel 1962)
1922 - Alan Freed, DJ, accepted payola/introduced term "rock-n-roll"
1950 - Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Dutch minister of Justice (198?-94)

1025 - Basilius II the Bulgarendoder, Byzantine emperor (976-1025)
1230 - Ottokar I, king of Bohemia (1197-1230)
1515 - Alfonso de Albuquerque, viceroy of Portuguese Indies
1576 - Joachim Hopperus [Hoppers] Frisian lawyer/politician, at 53
1598 - Philip van Marnix Flemish ruler of St Aldegonde/poet, at 58
1621 - Charles d'albert, Duke of Luynes/PM of France, at 43
1699 - Henrik A van Reede tot Drakenstein, Dutch botanist, dies at about 63
1712 - Sidney 1st Earl of Godolphine, English minister of Finance, dies at 67
1817 - Maria Walewska [Leszczinska], lover of emperor Napoleon I
1826 - William Browser rebelling slave, executed in New York, NY
1880 - Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Justice, at 76
1889 - Ferdinand II, king of Portugal, at 73
1890 - Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa-Sioux chief (Little Big Horn), killed by US Army
1934 - Maggis Lena Walker 1st US (Black) woman to head a bank, at 69
1944 - Glenn Miller US band leader/jazz composer, at 40
1951 - Eric Drummond 1st Secretary-General, League of Nations (1919-33), at 75
1966 - Walt Disney, animator, dies at 65, put in suspended animation
1992 - Fré [Frederik] Meis, Dutch MP (CPN), at 71
1995 - Manuel Gutierrez Mellado, PM of Defense of Spain (1977-81), at 83
1996 - Laurens jan van der Post, explorer/conservationist, at 90
1997 - Lillian Disney, widow of Walt Disney, 98; Pananayiotis Taki Vatikiotis middle east scholar, at 69

Reported Missing in Action
Clark, Jerry P., US Army (IA); O1D lost after reporting low fuel

Schumacher, James K., US Army; AWOL

The following US Navy personnel lost when their C2A crashed in water; all presumed Killed, / BNR:

Deuso, Carroll J. (VT)

McCoy, Meril O., Jr. (CA)

Owen, Clyde C. (MO)

Piersanti, Anthony J., Jr., (NJ)