Quote of the Day
"And as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our fear, our presence automatically liberates others."
-- Marianne Williamson
Today in History
1348 – In Zurich, Switzerland, Jews are accused of poisoning wells.
1451 - Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge.
1776 – Great fire in NY.
1780 - Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
1784 – Penns Packet and General Advisor becomes the first daily newspaper in America.
1792 – The first French Republic is declared.
1863 - Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after their defeat at Chickamauga.
1872 - John Henry Conyers of SC becomes the first Black student at Annapolis.
1893 - Frank Duryea drives the first U.S.-made gas propelled car.
1895 – The first auto manufacturer (Duryea Motor Wagon Company) opens.
1913 – The first aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, is performed in France.
1922 - President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
1930 - Johann Ostermeyer patents the flashbulb.
1931 - Britain goes off the gold standard.
1934 – A typhoon strikes Honshu Island in Japan, killing 4,000.
1937 - J.R.R. Tolkien publishes "The Hobbit."
1938 – A hurricane with 183 m.p.h. hits New England, killing 700.
1949 – The Federal Republic of (West) Germany is created; the People's Republic of China is proclaimed.
1954 – The Nuclear submarine "Nautilus" is commissioned.
1957 - "Perry Mason" premiers on CBS-TV.
1964 - Malta gains independence from Britain.
1970 - "Monday Night Football" premiers on ABC (the Browns beat the Jets); Luna-16 leaves the Moon.
1972 – Marcos declares martial law in the Philippines.
1974 – The U.S.’s Mariner-10 makes its second fly-by of Mercury.
1981 - Belize gains independence from Britain; Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first female Supreme Court Justice.
1982 - Cable cars in San Francisco cease operations for two years of repairs.
1984 - NASA launches Galaxy-C.
1989 - Poland's National Assembly approves prime minister Mazowiecki.
1415 - Frederick III, German Emperor (1440-1493)
1756 - John Loudon McAdam, created macadam road surface (asphalt)
1788 - Margaret Smith Taylor, 1st lady
1866 - Charles Jean Henri Nicolle, bacteriologist, Nobel Prize winner (1928); H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells, author (War of the Worlds)
1909 - Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana (1958-66)
1912 - Chuck Jones, animator (Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck)
1931 - Larry Hagman, actor (I Dream of Jeannie, JR-Dallas)
1940 - Bill Kurtis, newscaster (The American Parade)
1950 - Bill Murray, comedian, actor (SNL, Stripes)
1955 - Richard J. Hieb, astronaut (STS 39, Sk:STS 49)
1327 – King Edward II of England
1776 - Nathan Hale, American spy, hanged by the British
1956 - Anastasio Somoza, Nicaraguan dictator, assassinated
1957 – King Haakon VII of Norway
1961 - Earle Dickson, inventor (Band-aid)
Reported Missing in Action
Ammon, Glendon L., USAF (IN); F105D shot down (pilot), remains returned August, 1978
Bauder, James R., USN (CA); F4B shot down (pilot, w/Mills)
Mills, James B., USN (CA); F4B shot down (Naval Fighter Officer, w/Bauder)
Kien, Nguyen Thai, Commando (Vietnam); released September, 1984 – alive and well as of 1998
Judge, Mark W., USMC (CA); KIA, remains recovered
Plumadore, Kenneth L., USMC (NY); DIC, remains recovered
Vescelius, Milton J., USN (MI); RF8J shot down (pilot), remains recovered August, 1985
Cecil, Alan B., US Army SF (OK); KIA, body not recovered
Jackson, James W., Jr., USMC (GA); reportedly disappeared from hospital
Carroll, Roger W., Jr., USAF (MO); F4D shot down (pilot, w/Cook), DIC, remains returned June, 1994 – ID’d October, 1995
Cook, Dwight W., USAF (IA); F4D shot down (weapons/systems officer, w/Carrol), remains returned June, 1994 – ID’d June, 1995